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Disease surveillance thresholds

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Key points
  • The above standards apply to refugee camps and to out-of-camp (including urban) situations.
  • Prepare an outbreak preparedness and response plan. Ensure that sampling materials and transport media are available onsite for the infectious agents most likely to cause a sudden outbreak.
  • Train healthcare staff and community health workers to detect and report potential outbreaks. Provide refugees and host populations with simple information on the symptoms of epidemic-prone diseases; inform them where they can go for help.
  • A disease outbreak occurs when the number of cases of disease exceeds what would normally be expected in a given community, geographical area, or season.
  • An epidemic occurs when an infectious disease spreads rapidly to many people.

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