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Inter-agency Refugee Response Plans (RRPs)

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Key points
  • An RRP is an inter-agency planning, coordination and fundraising tool that supports host governments in providing protection and assistance to refugees, the communities hosting them and other relevant population groups in large and complex emergencies through international solidarity
  • It is designed to assist UNHCR and partners to operationalize the Refugee Coordination Model (consult entry RCM) and reflects UNHCR’s facilitation and convening role, as set out in its mandate and the GCR
  • Country RRPs reflect the needs of all refugee populations hosted in a country. In emergency situations, a country RRP can also be developed targeting one refugee population or covering a specific geographic area, reflecting the context, the protection and solutions strategy, and the inter-agency response to the new emergency
  • Regional RRPs are developed under the leadership of a Regional Refugee Coordinator and consist of a regional overview and country chapters summarizing the protection and solutions strategies and inter-agency responses related to a specific refugee population at the country level
  • It is essential to involve the government and the whole humanitarian community, refugees and host community from the start of an emergency in preparing the RRP
  • Ensure that requirements by agencies are realistic, match presence and capacity in the country, and can be implemented within the RRP timelines. Avoid duplication or overlaps in budgeting. When agencies issue their own appeals, take account of requirements that might be included in the budgets of UNHCR or other UN agencies
  • Draft RRPs in language that is agency-neutral and avoid focusing on agency-specific planning

Post emergency phase

While the RRP should primarily capture humanitarian activities, ideally, national and international development and peace actors are coherently involved in the RRPs from the start of a response, as per nexus efforts. Depending on the country context, this means that RRP partners need to establish a timeline and steps or benchmarks to link or embed longer-term refugee inclusion objectives in national or local development plans, UNSDCF or other frameworks of relevance, while maintaining UNHCR’s mandated responsibilities and accountabilities.

The UN Development System reform and the strengthened role of the Resident Coordinator (RC) has presented UNHCR and RRP partners with opportunities to work with the RCs to advance the inclusion of refugees and solutions in countries of origin, as part of the commitment to leave no one behind, and to facilitate the engagement of development actors in refugee responses.

Other frameworks to engage with in transition settings include the comprehensive approaches proposed within the Global Compact on Refugees’ “Programme of Action”, and the regional and national support platforms for thematic engagement (MIRPS, IGAD, SSAR, CAR) encouraging regional cooperation among countries of origin, transit and destination for a greater responsibility-sharing in matters of prevention, protection and durable solutions. These mechanisms integrate cooperating States in the platforms and work alongside regional and international organizations committed to the humanitarian and development agenda.

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